Member Biography

Daniel Sturgeon 


Portrait: The Hon. Daniel Sturgeon, (Brady-Handy Collection, Library of Congress)

Sessions Office Position District Party
1827-1828       19 Jackson Democrat
1829-1830     Speaker 19 Jackson Democrat

COUNTIES: Fayette  


10/27/1789 - 07/03/1878

Doctor Daniel Sturgeon (JD19) Fayette County 1825-1830

Early Life: 

Daniel Sturgeon, born October 27, 1789, Mount Pleasant, York (i) (later Adams) County, Pennsylvania; attended, common schools; moved to western Pennsylvania, 1804; Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania (later Washington and Jefferson College), Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; commenced, practice of medicine, Uniontown, Pennsylvania; appointed, Fayette County Coroner, 1813; elected, Democrat, Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, 1818-1824; elected, Jackson Democrat, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1825-1830, President, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1828-1830; elected, Democrat, Pennsylvania Auditor General 1830-1836; elected, Democrat, Pennsylvania State Treasurer, 1838-1839; elected, Democrat, United States Senate, 1840-1851; appointed, President Franklin Pierce, Treasurer, United States Mint, Philadelphia, 1853-1858; engaged, banking; married Nancy Gregg Sturgeon, 1814, two sons, William H. Sturgeon, Eli Sturgeon; died July 3, 1878 (aged 88) Uniontown, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, interment Oak Grove Cemetery South Union Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. (ii)

Early Career:


Pennsylvania Politics:

Appointed, Fayette County Coroner, 1813

Elected, Democrat, Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, 1818-1824

Elected, Jackson Democrat, Pennsylvania State Senate, 19th district, Fayette County, 1825-1830, President, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1828-1830.

Elected, Democrat, Pennsylvania State Auditor General, 1830-1836.

Elected, Democrat, Pennsylvania State Treasurer, 1836-1840.

Continued Government Service/National Politics:

Elected, Democrat, United States Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania Senate to fill the vacancy in the term commencing March 4, 1839, caused by the failure of the legislature to elect; reelected in 1844 and served from January 14, 1840, to March 3, 1851; not a candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Patents and the Patent Office (Twenty-sixth Congress), Committee on Agriculture (Twenty-ninth through Thirty-first Congresses). Served alongside: James Buchanan, Simon Cameron and James Cooper.  (iii)

Appointed, President Franklin Pierce, Treasurer, United States Mint, Philadelphia, 1853-1858.

Pennsylvania House of Representatives Biography:

Not available at this time




       (iii) Pennsylvania ratified the United States Constitution on December 12, 1787 and elects its United States Senators to Class 1 and Class 3. Officeholders are popularly elected, for a six-year term, beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the Pennsylvania General Assembly; before 1935, their terms began March 4. The state's current United States Senators are Democrat Bob Casey Jr. (since 2007) and Republican Pat Toomey (since 2011), making it one of seven states to have a split United States Senate delegation. Arlen Specter was Pennsylvania's longest-serving senator (1981–2011).