Major General Joseph "Old German Grey" Hiester (Democratic-Republican) Berks and Dauphin Counties, 1791-1792
Colonel Joseph "Old German Grey" Hiester, born November 18, 1752, Berne Township, Berks County, Province of Pennsylvania, British Colonial America; son of John and Maria Barbara Epler; common school education; engaged farming until 1771; married, Elizabeth Whitman Hiester, 1771, children, Catherine Hiester Spayd, Elizabeth Hiester Pawling, Rebecca Hiester Muhlenberg, Mary Elizabeth Hiester Muhlenberg, Isaac Hiester; engaged, mercantile pursuits; captain, colonel, prisoner of war, Revolutionary Army, Revolutionary War; delegate, State Conference, 1776 which assumed the government of the colony; delegate, State Constitutional Convention which ratified the Federal Constitution December 12, 1787; State Constitutional Convention of 1789-1790; elected, Constitutionalist, Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, 1787-1790; elected, Democratic-Republican, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1790- resigned 1791; unsuccessful campaign, United States House of Representatives, 1796; elected, Republican, Special Election, United States House of Representatives, 1797-1805; major general, Pennsylvania Militia, 1807-1810; unsuccessful campaign, United States House of Representatives, 1813; elected, Republican, United States House of Representatives, 1815- resignation, December 1820, having been elected chief executive of the State; elected, Federalist, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania, 1820-1824; resumed, farming and mercantile business interests; died, June 10, 1832, (age 79 years, 205 days) Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, interment, Reading's Reformed Church Cemetery, Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, reinterment, Charles Evans Cemetery, Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
Captain, colonel, prisoner of war, Revolutionary Army, Revolutionary War; captured near Long Island, New York, held on British prison of war ship “Jersey," transferred to New York City where he was released in a prisoner exchange, recovered at home, Reading, Pennsylvania. Returned to duty, but was wounded in the head, not severely, battle of Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1777.
Mercantile business partnership with his father-in-law, Adam Whitman.
Major General, Pennsylvania Militia, 1807-1810.
Delegate, convention of 1776, that drafted the Articles of Confederation; Pennsylvania State Constitutional Convention which ratified the United States Constitution, December 12, 1787; state constitutional convention of 1789-1790.
Elected, Constitutionalist, Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, 1787-1790.
Elected, Democratic-Republican, Pennsylvania State Senate, Berks and Dauphin Counties, 1790- resigned at end of the session, September 30, 1791; original member, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1790.
Unsuccessful campaign, Governor, 1817, defeated by, William Findlay.
Elected, Federalist, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania 1820-1824; defeated, William Findlay for the right to Governor’s Mansion at 21 North Front Street, Harrisburg, which is now the Art Association of Harrisburg. Beginning his term at age sixty-eight, Hiester had initially been a reluctant candidate for governor, but by the end of his term refused to allow his name to be considered for a second term. Presided over the dedication of the first state capitol building in Harrisburg.
Continued Government Service/National Politics:
Unsuccessful campaign, United States House of Representatives, District 5 Pennsylvania, 1796.
Elected, Republican, United States House of Representatives, Fifth Congress, 3rd district, vacancy, resignation of George Ege; Reelected, Republican, United States House of Representatives, Sixth, Seventh Congresses, 1797-1803.
Elected, Republican, United States House of Representatives, 5th district, Eighth Congresses, United States House of Representatives, 1803-1805.
Unsuccessful campaign, United States House of Representatives, Berks and Schuylkill Counties, Pennsylvania, 1813.
Elected, Republican United States House of Representatives, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Sixteenth Congresses, 17th district, 1815- resignation, December 1820, due to having been elected chief executive of the State.
Pennsylvania State House of Representatives Biography:
Not currently available.
Cousin, United States Congressmen, John Hiester; cousin, United States Congressman, Daniel Hiester; grandfather, United States Congressman, Henry Augustus Muhlenberg.
First cousin, Major Gabriel Hiester, Pennsylvania State Senate, Berks and Dauphin Counties, 1791-1798, 4th district, Berks, Dauphin Counties, 1804-1808, 5th district, Berks County, 1808-1812.
Ratification of the Constitution by the State of Pennsylvania; December 12, 1787.
In the Name of the People of Pennsylvania
Be it Known unto all Men that We the Delegates of the People of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in general Convention assembled Have assented to, and ratified, and by these presents Do in the Name and by the authority of the Same People, and for ourselves, assent to, and ratify the foregoing Constitution for the United States of America. Done in Convention at Philadelphia the twelfth day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the twelfth. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names.
Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg President
For the City of Philadelphia
For Bucks County
For Chester County
For Lancaster County
For York County
For Cumberland County
For Berks County
For the Philadelphia County
For Northampton County
For Bedford County
For Northumberland County
For Westmoreland County
For Washington County
For Fayette County
For Franklin County
For Montgomery County
Frederick A. Muhlenberg
For Dauphin County
John A. Hanna
For Luzerne County
For Huntingdon County